also known as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG),
is one of
the nation's most versatile energy sources. Propane is ideal
for residential, business, industrial, and agricultural use
- Propane is clean and efficient. This colorless,
odorless, non-toxic gas burns cleaner than gasoline, diesel
and other fossil fuels because it emits no sulfur dioxide
or particulates. If unintentionally released in its liquid
form, it quickly evaporates and does not contaminate soil
- Propane is abundant and available. Because propane
supplies are plentiful, there's enough to meet America's
needs well into the 21st Century. And since 88% of the
propane we use is produced domestically, it helps reduce
our dependency on overseas energy sources. An extensive
infrastructure of pipelines, railroad tank cars, delivery
trucks, storage facilities and retail outlets assures
that propane can be delivered wherever it is needed.
How Propane Reaches You
Propane is a by-product of natural gas and crude oil refining.
Since propane is odorless, a distinct odor is added so that
leaks are easy to detect.
After refining, propane is liquefied and transported to company-owned
bulk plants. Transportation methods include barge, tanker,
rail, pipeline, and truck. On arrival at the bulk plant, the
liquid propane is stored in tanks that typically hold 15,000
to 30,000 gallons. From there propane is delivered to the
retail customer primarily by means of a bobtail or rack truck.
Propane is also delivered to large-volume industrial and agricultural
customers by means of larger trucks known as transports.
Who Uses Propane?
This remarkable fuel serves approximately 60 million people
in the U.S. These statistics show how propane is used:
- Industrial sites and petrochemical industries account
for 45% of propane usage
- Residential and commercial customers consume 37%
- Farms account for 13% of propane usage
- · Propane is the most widely used
alternative to gasoline and diesel, 4% of propane is used
in vehicle engines nationwide
- The final 1% is consumed by the gas industry and
Residential Uses of Propane
Propane gas heats more than 6 million American homes, according
to the U.S. Department of Energy. It's easy to see why propane
is the fuel of choice for so many residences:
- Cost. According to the U.S. Department of Energy
electricity is, on average, nearly 2 1/2 times more expensive
than propane. Propane gas furnaces and water heaters also
consume considerably less energy than electric model.
- Availability. As a fuel, propane is virtually
identical to natural gas. The difference is that propane
can go anywhere... even beyond the natural gas mains.
- Versatility. Propane is ideal for a wide range
of home uses, including ranges, clothes dryers, air conditioners,
fireplaces, pool heaters, spas, and outdoor lights. It
also fuels energy-efficient heat pumps, standby generators,
and integrated appliances for heating, cooling and hot
Propane Storage Tanks
Tanks for residential use are available in a variety of
sizes. Typical capacity ranges from 100 to 1000 gallons. A
500 gallon tank provides ample storage for the average four
bed room home. Propane storage tanks are specially treated
to prevent corrosion. As a result, they generally last much
longer than fuel oil tanks. In some cases, tanks can be installed
underground with only a small dome on the surface to house
valves and connections.
Major Residential Applications Include:
- Home Heating
- Water Heating
- Clothes Drying
- Pool Heating
- Gas Fireplaces
Comparative Fuel Costs for Home Heating
The comparison information provided here shows how electricity
and propane gas rates compare to get equal BTU's. This chart
shows why people everywhere are switching to propane gas for
heating, cooking, hot water and other energy needs.
In order to present an accurate comparison, this chart rates
electricity at a full 100% efficiency and propane gas at 80%
For example, if electricity costs 4.0 cents per KWH, a homeowner
can afford to pay $.85 per gallon for propane to get the same
Cents per KWH
See how your current home energy source compares to safe, affordable
propane with our new Energy Savings Calculator. Click on:
Uses of Propane
Across America, propane goes to work every day
in businesses, industries and on farms.
Here's why propane is the fuel of choice
for so many energy-related tasks:
- It can be used at the same rate any time of the day or
night. Unlike electricity, it isn't subject to load-balancing
- Propane can be supplied almost anywhere, freeing users
from dependence on natural gas mains.
- Because it leaves no residue when burned, propane meets
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) clean air standards.
- Propane is easily transported, making it ideal for use
in mobile as well as stationary applications.
- Where natural gas is used for heating, propane is an ideal
reserve fuel source.
- Propane can be stored indefinitely, unlike gasoline or
fuel oil which deteriorate over time.
Typical Business Applications Include:
Space Heating. Nearly 60% of U.S.
commercial and industrial buildings depend on gas heat. Heating
units include boilers (especially for large buildings), infrared
heaters for large open spaces (such as transit stations and
garage bays), make-up air systems that pass incoming air through
heat exchangers, and unit heaters for retail stores, garages
and other spaces that require large volumes of air.
Water Heating and Steam. Propane-fueled
systems are especially efficient for cafeterias, commercial
laundries, manufacturing processes and other uses.
Cooking. Propane is ideal for restaurants
and cafeterias because it offers exceptional heat control,
cleanliness and design flexibility. Uses include steam tables,
barbecues, brazing pans, fryers, broilers, griddles, food
and dish warmers, rotisseries, soup stations, and pizza ovens.
Clothes Drying. Commercial clothes
drying units range from 5 cubic-foot coin- operated models
to 100-lb units for laundromats, apartment buildings and institutional
Temporary Portable Heat. Infrared
and forced-air heaters at construction and other sites keep
workers warm and can be used to dry concrete and other materials.
engines perform better and cost less to fuel than diesel or
electric models. The initial purchase price is usually lower,
Furnaces, dryers, ovens and kilns.
Propane-produced heat is clean and precise compared to other
fuel sources. Industrial propane burners range from immersion
heating to direct-contact flame heating units.
Half of all farms in the United States (about
1.5 million) rely on propane for a wide range of uses. These
included flame weeding, pest control, crop drying, tobacco
curing, poultry and pig brooding, stock tank heating, space
heating in greenhouses, and frost protection in fields and
orchards. Propane also fuels farm equipment such as tractors,
trucks, standby generators and pumps.
and the Environment
Concern for the environment has prompted
a search for less polluting, more efficient energy sources.
Brick Propane offers a simple solution: a superior fuel that
provides abundant, clean energy for American homes and businesses.
Propane gas is cleaner burning than coal,
heating oil or gasoline, and it often costs less than these
fuels or electricity. Propane does not emit large amounts
of carbon dioxide and produces no sulfur dioxide or particulates
— primary causes of the greenhouse effect and acid rain.
In fact, using propane instead of electricity produced by
coal-fired plants can reduce a home's carbon dioxide emissions
by as much as 75%!.
An Environmentally Friendly Fuel
Propane also meets the standards set by the federal Clean
Air Act Amendments (CAAA) for reducing acid rain and controlling
air pollution in urban areas. In fact, the CAAA heralds propane
as one of the solutions to a cleaner, healthier environment.
And since propane vaporizes rapidly, it won't contaminate
soil or groundwater.
Propane and Commercial Fleets
Environmentally friendly propane is the fuel of choice
for many business and municipal fleets. Increasingly, park
service vehicles, police cars, school buses and taxis are
also converting to propane power.
One reason for this choice is that the federal government
has classified propane as a safe motor fuel. A propane gas
tank is 20 times more puncture-resistant than a typical gasoline
or diesel tank. Propane protects the indoor environment, too.
Its low pollution characteristics make propane the fuel of
choice for more than 300,000 forklift truck operators and
other indoor industrial vehicle operators in the U.S.
Caring for You and the Environment
Brick Propane is committed to maintaining
the highest levels of safety for the well being of our employees,
customers and communities. We think it's comforting for you
to know that the fuel you are using is safe for the environment
The U.S. Dept. of Energy's National Energy Savings Program
is dubbed the "Smart Energy Campaign". It is an
outreach to homeowners, businesses, and other consumers to
educate them on different ways to cut their energy bills and
The program's web site www.energysavers.gov
includes valuable tips on how to reduce the average U.S. family
utility bill, now averaging about $1300.00 per year. The site
promotes the usage of a few inexpensive energy-efficient measures,
such as better insulated doors and windows, which can reduce
energy bill from 10% to 50%.